11.24° N, 60.68° W
300.00 sq km
Eastern Caribbean (UTC-4)
60,874 (2011 est.)
Full Country Name
The Republic of Trinidad and Tobago
Tobago is the second most southerly island of the Lesser Antilles. Tobago is 30 km (19 mi) northeast of Trinidad and is 41 km (25.5 mi) in length and 12 km (7.5 mi) at its greatest width. It is mountainous and dominated by the Main Ridge, which is 29 km (18 mi) long with elevations up to 640 m. There are deep valleys to the north and south of the Ridge and the southwestern tip of the island has a coral platform. Tobago has a maritime tropical climate influenced by the northeast trade winds. Temperatures range between 20 °C- 34°C and there are two seasons: Dry (January-May) and Wet (June-December).
Tobago is part of the twin-island republic of Trinidad and Tobago. Residents are often referred to as ‘Tobagonians’. Approximately 60,874 people reside in Tobago mainly in and around the capital, Scarborough. English is the country’s official language. It is governed by the Tobago House of Assembly. The island is considered the quieter of the twin-island nation and is steeped in rich culture and traditions. Currency used: Trinidad and Tobago Dollar (TTD).
In the event of an earthquake or tsunami the Tobago Emergency Management Agency is the official authority in Tobago.
Tobago Emergency Management Agency
Scarborough, Trinidad & Tobago
The Trinidad and Tobago area, as shown in the epicentral plot, is one of the more seismically active zones in the Eastern Caribbean, with an annual average output of about 260 earthquakes of magnitude greater than 2.0. However, the activity rate is not uniform across the area. The rate in the Tobago area has picked up since 1990 and whereas in the past the rate was on par with that seen on land Trinidad, it is now closer to that seen north of Trinidad. Following are details of the significant magnitude events observed in the zones making up the area:
- West of Tobago – The largest in the instrumental period occurred on 1997/04/02 Mt=5.6 and 2016/12/06 Mt=6.1. There was some damage in south-west Tobago for the 1997 event.
- South of Tobago – The largest known occurred on 1997/04/22 Mt=6.1. There was significant damage in south-west Tobago, with flooding in some areas from large-scale groundwater discharge.